peace and security

Post-Conflict Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia: Hostility is still Looming

After the International Criminal Court in The Hague acquitted Laurent Gbagbo, former president of Côte d’Ivoire, of crimes against humanity and war crimes, the fear of renewed violence is growing. Can the West African country as well as neighbouring Liberia still progress on the path towards a lasting peace? The roads to peace in Côte […]

Peace on Earth? The quality of conflict management is in decline

No peaceful Christmas again this year. On the contrary: Not only are wars, civil wars and massive political violence widespread worldwide, but – as explained in the previous blog post – the level of polarization and the intensity of conflicts have, on global average, even increased in recent years. Which factors are driving the marked […]

The Regional Proxy War in Yemen: Deadly Interferences

Yemen is suffering one of the world’s largest humanitarian catastrophes. To resolve it, it is necessary to look beyond the national conflict. Yemen’s civil war is complex. It’s a violent conflict between competing Yemeni factions, each of which is allying itself with regional, sectarian, tribal and Islamist groups. The country has a long history of instability and […]

Partially Blurred Image of Iran on a Map

Iran: Euphoria Following the Nuclear Deal Has Passed

Four months on from the reformist victory in the double election and five months after the closing of the nuclear deal new prospects for Iran have opened up on the international stage. Yet, a climate of insecurity in the Islamic Republic remains and the country stays unpredictable. On 26 February 2016, Iranians went to the […]

Photo: Soldiers of the Kenyan Contingent serving with the African Union Mission in Somalia in the southern Somali port city of Kismayo.

Somali Refugees: Between Shelter and Discrimination

In a time of refugee crises and Islamist terror, many countries face the challenge of balancing national security interests and humanitarian obligations. Somalis in Kenya know that this often means a life between discrimination, food aid, and threat of expulsion. This article is part of our “Migration & Transformation” series. Many governments and civil societies […]

Afghans who were repatriated are arriving to Afghanistan in a truck with an Afghan flag on it

Pakistan’s Uneasy Relation with Afghan Refugees

The latest efforts of the government in Islamabad to repatriate Afghan refugees show that Pakistan’s refugee problem is deeply connected with the country’s response to terrorism and with international cooperation. This article is part of our “Migration & Transformation” series. Many governments and civil societies in developing and transition countries are confronted with the influx […]

Rohingya refugee camp in Myebon in Rakhine State of Myanmar © Evangelos Petratos EU/ECHO, Myebon, June 2013 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

A New Refugee Crisis Looming?

Southeast Asia is seeing persecuted minorities fleeing their homeland. As in Europe, lack of political consensus has exacerbated the situation – and a new wave of migration is just about to start. 2015 will be remembered as the year of mass migration. This year, the world has endured an unprecedented flood of haunting images. The […]